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The Magic of Rocks and Stones

Aventurine

Written and compiled by - Patricia Jean Martin

Green Aventurine is a soft green semi-translucent to mostly opaque Quartzite (a rock, not a mineral) with inclusions of shimmering Fuchsite Mica.  It's name derives from the Italian phrase "per aventura" meaning "by chance," and is said to have been the only stone that was made by man before its natural counterpart was discovered.  This comes from the 18th century tale that tells of an accidental discovery by an Italian glass-maker who unwittingly let some copper filings fall into the molten glass.  This was later dubbed Aventurine Glass or Goldstone, something similar in looks but totally different in character from natural Aventurine.  And although it was known first, Goldstone is now a common imitation of Aventurine and Sunstone.  (You can distinguish Goldstone from the two natural stones by its coarse platelets of Copper that are dispersed within the glass in a more unnaturally uniform way). 

Natural Green Aventurine is made when other minerals form in the Quartzite during high grade metamorphism, which is dependent on what impurities were present in the original Quartz-rich sedimentary deposit.  These impurities commonly alter to Mica during the high grade metamorphism.  When Chromium is present, then the green-colored Muscovite Mica variety called Fuchsite can occur disseminated throughout the Quartzite in parallel orientation.  This gives Aventurine its green color and sparkled effect. 

Aventurine can be found in other colors than its more common color of green.  It may also be orange, blue, gray, yellow or brown.  The yellows, oranges and browns are attributed to hematite or goethite inclusions. 

General Information:

*Chemistry:   SiO2, Green Aventurine Quartz colored by Fuchsite Mica, K(Al,Cr2A1Si3O10(OH)2 

*Class:  Tectosilicates. 

*Group:  Quartz. 

*Color:  Green, various shades from light to dark. 

*Luster:  Dull vitreous. 

*Crystal System:  Hexagonal-R; 32 (trigonal-trapezoheldral). 

*Crystal Habit:  Massive aggregate of interlocking Quartz grains. 

*Cleavage:  Absent. 

*Fracture:  Conchoidal. 

*Hardness: 

*Specific Gravity:  2.64 - 2.69 

*Streak:  White 

*Other Characteristics:  Piezoelectric. 

*Notable Occurrences:   Tamil Nadu (formerly Madras), India; Chile; Spain, Russia; China; Rutland, Vermont. 

*Best Field Indicators:  Crystal habit, color and hardness. 

*Uses: Gemstone; Ornamental; Building material. 

Myths and Lore:

While references in mythology to Aventurine specifically are scarce, Quartz, because of its abundance of worldwide sources, occurs often in ancient myths.  For instance, Persian folk lore maintains that placing a quartz stone on a baby will ensure intake of mother's milk.  

Australian tribes use quartz crystals in rainmaking ceremonies. Native American cultures used quartz for arrowheads, knives, divining stones and ornaments.  Some West African tribes created ceremonial seats from a single piece of quartz.  Finally, early inhabitants of what is now Britain used quartz for their curative powers to purify water and cure sterility. 

Around 2.5 million years ago in the Omo valley of Ethiopia, some of the earliest primitive stone tools such as axes were made of Quartzites -- Aventurine found among them.  These materials were used because of their hardness and their isotropic brittleness which made it possible to shape the tools with relative ease. 

Aventurine has been used for many centuries in the making of jewelry, vases and bowls, and other ornamental pieces.  A very unique ancient vase made of bright Aventurine is displayed in the Hermitage Art Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia. 

Sometimes called "Indian Jade" or the "stone of heaven," Green Aventurine is like the "good luck shamrock of the mineral kingdom".  It is known as the "gambler's stone" because it is the luckiest of all stones in games of chance.  It is often placed in charm bags to bring good fortune and money.  Aventurine can also be used to induce psychic dreams, to bring answers or to see into the future; it increases clairvoyance.  It is a good source of Earth energy; hold it in the opposite hand from your pendulum when divining.  Leave it as a gift for Nature Spirits. 

Green Aventurine is an alternate birthstone for the month of August, and is also the anniversary gemstone for the 8th year of marriage. 

Metaphysical Properties:

Astrological Sign: Aries. 

Heart Chakra. 

Element: Earth. 

Heals and purifies. 

Luck and opportunity. 

Abundance. 

Confidence. 

Leadership. 

Insight. 

Enhances creativity. 

Calms and soothes. 

Harmonizes. 

Balances male/female energies. 

*Gives physical aid in treating:  Calms anxiety and panic attacks.  Regulates heart rhythms. Calms one's emotions.  Is said to have been used successfully in psychotherapy, treating disorders of the lungs and heart, and to help increase muscle flexibility. 

*NOTE: Stone therapy should NOT take the place of medical evaluation and procedures, and should be used merely to enhance one's health and well-being. 

My own thoughts and experiences:

Many people confuse the name Aventurine by calling it "ADventurine".  And it was only after personally working with the stone for awhile that I happened upon a humorous little discovery..(interestingly enough, something Aventurine is known to do -- bring new discoveries).  What I found made me suddenly no longer feel the need to mentally correct the misnomer, because it was through Aventurine that I began to realize that these people were not that far off in describing one of the main qualities of the stone itself!  For in that simple blunder, you can find the heart of Aventurine.

Aventurine IS adventurous, and makes you pay tributary attention to the adventures in life's journey instead of allowing total focus on merely the destinations. 

Aventurine is a heart and healing stone.  And in that, it is a stone of abundance, love, and creativity.  It brings you face-to-face with what is relevant, which in turn makes your decision-making easier. 

This is a great stone for Librans!...not because a Libran has trouble making decisions..(that, it should be known, is a misconception).. but rather because Librans often tend to weigh situations more carefully and deliberately than most others, looking at all sides of an issue and making every effort to remain fair in their judgments.  Aventurine will facilitate the "weigh in"...speed the process while keeping its integrity...and allow you to move ahead confidently and with grace. 

Aventurine says, "Unbuckle your seatbelt and enjoy the ride."  Good thing it's also a protection stone for traveling. ;)

Sources:

"Stones Alive" ~ Marilyn & Tohmas Twintreess 

"The Crystal Bible" ~ Judy Hall 

"The Illustrated Directory of Healing Crystals ~ Cassandra Eason 

http://www.mineralminers.com/html/avgminfo.htm - hist 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aventurine 

http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/A/AV/AVENTURINE.htm 

http://www.all-that-gifts.com/se/aventurine.html 

http://www.jewelrysupplier.com/2_aventurine/aventurine_mythology.htm 

 

© 2006 Patricia J. Martin

Best wishes and Blessed Be

 

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Traditions Part 2 Gardnerian Wicca /  Georgian Tradition /  Henge of Keltria /  Hereditary Witchcraft /  Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) /  Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch) /  Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition /  Nordic Paganism /  Pagan Federation /  Pectic-Wita /  Seax-Wica /  Shamanism /  Solitary /  Strega /  Sylvan Tradition /  Vodoun or Voodoo /  Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA) /

 

Other things of interest:

 

Gods and Goddesses (Greek Mythology) /  Esbats & Full Moons Links to Personal Friends & Resources Wicca/Witchcraft Resources What's a spell? Circle Casting and Sacred Space  Pentagram - Pentacle Marks of a Witch The Witches Power The Witches Hat An esoteric guide to visiting London SatanismPow-wowThe Unitarian Universalist Association /  Numerology:  Part 1  Part 2  /  Part 3A history of the Malleus Maleficarum:  includes:  Pope Innocent VIII  /  The papal Bull  /   The Malleus Maleficarum  /  An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum  /  The letter of approbation  /  Johann Nider’s Formicarius  /  Jacob Sprenger  /  Heinrich Kramer  /  Stefano Infessura  /  Montague Summers  /  The Waldenses  /  The Albigenses  /  The Hussites /  The Native American Sun DanceShielding (Occult and Psychic Protection)  The History of ThanksgivingAuras  - Part 1 and Part 2 /

 

Sabbats and Festivals:

 

The Sabbats in History and Mythology /  Samhain (October 31st)  /  Yule (December 21st)  /  Imbolc (February 2nd)  /  Ostara (March 21st)  /  Beltane (April 30th)  /  Litha (June 21st)  /  Lammas/Lughnasadh (August 1st)  /  Mabon (September 21st)

 

Rituals contributed by Crone:

 

Samhain / Yule Imbolc Ostara /  Beltane Litha Lammas Mabon

 

Tools:

 

Tools of a Witch  /  The Besom (Broom) /  Poppets and DollsPendulums / Cauldron Magick Mirror Gazing

 

Animals:

 

Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar) /  AntelopeBatsCrow Fox Frog and Toads Goat / HoneybeeKangarooLion OwlPhoenix Rabbits and HaresRaven Robin RedbreastSheep Spider SquirrelSwansWild Boar Wolf /  Serpent /  Pig /  Stag /  Horse /  Mouse /  Cat

 

Trees:

 

In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar.  For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following:  Birch /  Rowan / Ash /  Alder /  Willow Hawthorn /  Oak /  Holly /  Hazel /  Vine /  Ivy /  Reed /  Elder

 

Sacred Sites:

 

Mystical Sacred Sites  -  Stonehenge /  Glastonbury Tor /  Malta - The Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni /  Avebury /  Cerne Abbas - The Chalk Giant /  Ireland - Newgrange /

 

Rocks and Stones:

 

Stones - History, Myths and Lore

 

Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin:

 

Apophyllite  / Amber Amethyst Aquamarine Aragonite Aventurine Black Tourmaline Bloodstone Calcite Carnelian Celestite Citrine Chrysanthemum StoneDiamond  /  Emerald / Fluorite Garnet /  Hematite Herkimer Diamond Labradorite Lapis Lazuli Malachite Moonstone Obsidian Opal Pyrite Quartz (Rock Crystal) Rose Quartz Ruby Selenite Seraphinite  /  Silver and GoldSmoky QuartzSodalite Sunstone ThundereggTree AgateZebra Marble

 

Wisdom and Inspiration:

 

Knowledge vs Wisdom by Ardriana Cahill I Talk to the TreesAwakening The Witch in YouA Tale of the Woods I have a Dream by Martin Luther King /

 

Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:

 

Murdered by Witchcraft The Fairy Witch of Clonmel A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) /  Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife /  The Story of Jack-O-Lantern The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) /  The Two Brothers - Light and Dark

 

Old Masters of Academia:

 

Pliny the ElderHesiodPythagoras

 

 

Biographies

 

Witches, Pagans and other associated People

(Ancient, Past and Present)

 

Remembered at Samhain

(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)

 

Abramelin the Mage /  Agrippa Aidan A KellyAlbertus Magnus - “Albert the Great” Aleister Crowley - “The Great Beast” /  Alex Sanders - “King of the Witches” /  Alison Harlow /  Amber KAnna FranklinAnodea JudithAnton Szandor LaVey /  Arnold CrowtherArthur Edward Waite /  Austin Osman Spare /  Biddy Early /  Bridget Cleary - The Fairy Witch of Clonmel /  Carl " Llewellyn" Weschcke Cecil Hugh WilliamsonCharles Godfrey Leland /   Charles WaltonChristina Oakley Harrington Damh the Bard - "Dave Smith" /  Dion Fortune /  Dolores Aschroft-Nowicki Doreen ValienteDorothy MorrisonDr. John Dee & Edward Kelly /  Dr. Leo Louis Martello /  Edward FitchEleanor Ray Bone - “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” Eliphas Levi /  Ernest Thompson Seton /  Ernest Westlake /  Fiona Horne Friedrich von Spee /  Francis Barrett /  Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca /  Gerald B. Gardner - The father of contemporary Witchcraft /  Gwydion Pendderwen Hans HolzerHelen Duncan /   Herman Slater - Horrible Herman /  Isaac Bonewits Israel RegardieJames "Cunning" Murrell - The Master of Witches /  Janet Farrar and Gavin BoneJessie Wicker Bell - “Lady Sheba” /  Johannes Junius - "The Burgomaster of Bamberg" /  John Belham-Payne John George Hohman - "Pow-wow" /  John Gerard /  John Gordon Hargrave and the Kibbo Kith Kindred /  John Michael Greer /  John ScoreJoseph John Campbell /  Karl von Eckartshausen /  Laurie Cabot  - "the Official Witch of Salem" /  Lewis SpenceMargaret Alice MurrayMargot AdlerMarie Laveau - " the Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" /  Marion WeinsteinMatthew Hopkins - “The Witch-Finder General” /   Max Ehrmann and the "Desiderata" /  Monique WilsonMontague Summers /  Nicholas CulpeperNicholas RemyM. R. SellarsMrs. Maud Grieve - "A Modern Herbal" /  Oberon Zell-Ravenheart and Morning GloryOld Dorothy Clutterbuck /  Old George PickingillPaddy SladePamela Colman-SmithParacelsus /  Patricia CrowtherPatricia Monaghan /  Patricia “Trish” TelescoPhilip HeseltonRaymond Buckland /  Reginald Scot /  Robert CochraneRobert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and the "The White Goddess" /  Rosaleen Norton - “The Witch of Kings Cross” /  Ross Nichols and the " Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids" (OBOD) /  Rudolf SteinerSabrina Underwood - "The Ink Witch" /  Scott CunninghamSelena Fox - founder of "Circle Sanctuary" /  Silver RavenwolfSir Francis Dashwood /  Sir James George Frazer and the " The Golden Bough"S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” /  Starhawk /  Stewart Farrar /  Sybil LeekTed Andrews The Mather Family - (includes:  Richard Mather, Increase Mather and Cotton Mather ) /   Thomas AdyT. Thorn CoyleVera ChapmanVictor & Cora Anderson and the " Feri Tradition" /  Vivianne CrowleyWalter Brown GibsonWilliam Butler YeatsZsuzsanna Budapest /  

 

 

Many of the above biographies are briefs and far from complete.  If you know about any of these individuals and can help with additional information, please contact me privately at my email address below.  Many thanks for reading  :-)

 

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