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Pagan Pioneers:  Founders, Elders, Leaders and Others


Eleanor Ray Bone



Written and compiled by George Knowles


Eleanor Ray Bone, the “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” played an important part in the revival of contemporary Wicca/Witchcraft in Britain and Europe.  She claimed to have been initiated by hereditary witches in Cumbria during WWII, and later became one of Gerald B. Gardner’s High Priestesses forming her own covens in London and Brighton.  During the early 1960’s and 70’s she was responsible for initiating many people onto the path, and some of the most prominent leaders of the Craft in Britain today, and many European covens can trace their lineage back to her.


Eleanor was born Eleanor Margaret Tilley on the 15th of December 1911 at 1 Spruce Villas, Fleet Road, Fleet, Hampshire.  At the time of her birth her father Charlie Tilley was the secretary of a local Golf Club, while her mother Emma Tilley (nee Roper) was the Headmistress of a Girls School.  Eleanor naturally received a good education from her parents, but an early experience in childhood caused her to question her religious beliefs, as she explained in a later interview:


I've held unorthodox views on religion since 8 when my cat died.  I was very upset and cried when I asked the Vicar whether the creature had gone to heaven; he replied that animals did not go there.  This comment did not sit well with me and I began to read the Golden Bough and became interested in folklore.”


Nothing more about her early life, except at sometime after leaving school she is thought to have joined a theatre company and there began an affair with the musical conductor Jacob Posner.  Estranged from his then wife, Posner and Eleanor moved-in and lived together producing two children, a son called John (born 17th Nov 1933) and a daughter called Francesca (date unknown).  Later Posner began affair with another woman, circa 1941, and so he and Eleanor parted company.


By this time in order to escape the Nazis blitz that was constantly threatening London, and to aid the war effort, Eleanor went to work on a farm in Cumbria, a rural area in the North of England caring for the elderly owners.  One evening their conversations centered on reincarnation and Eleanor stated that she believed in it, at which point the old couple revealed themselves to be hereditary Witches.  Later in August 1941 they initiated Eleanor into their coven of traditional witchcraft, and from them she learned all she could before returning to London in 1945.


Eleanor next resurfaces on the 5th of July 1958 when she married Arthur William (‘Bill’) Bone, an engineering instrument maker.  It is interesting to note that on their marriage certificate, Eleanor’s father who was clearly still alive and well at that time is listed as a retired Army Colonel, however, no army records of a Colonel (only privates) by his name can be found and nothing more about him is known?  By this time Eleanor was working as a registered nurse at “The Brackenburn Rest Home”, located at 4 Birchwood Road, in Tooting Bec, London.  After her marriage to Bill, they moved into a flat in a house called “The Towers” at 120 Trinity Road, also in Tooting Bec, which was just a short bus ride away from where she worked.



(present day pics, Dec 2015)


The Brackenburn Rest Home” - “The Towers” 


It is uncertain as to how and when Eleanor became acquainted with Gerald B. Gardner, but it is thought to have been around the end of the 1950’s after reading his book “The Meaning of Witchcraft” published in 1959.  Eleanor may have written to him asking for more details about witchcraft and the two became good friends.  Gardner later introduced her to the members of his “Bricket Wood” coven in St Albans, Hertfordshire.  However, Eleanor as an already experienced Witch, and a Matronly lady in her 40’s, was not really compatible with the trendy younger generation that made up the majority of the Bricket Wood coven members.


Jack Bracelin the then High Priest of the Bricket Wood coven later arranged for her private initiation to the first degree by another High Priest, thought to have been during the Spring of 1961, and then referred her back to Gerald Gardner for further training.  Gardner then invited her to the Isle of Man for a month of intensive training and in 1962 raised her through the second and third degrees to High Priestess.  Taking the craft name Artemis, Eleanor then “hived-off” to found her own coven in Tooting Bec, London.


Over the next two decades Eleanor trained, initiated and helped many other people to find their paths, and they in turn “hived off” to set up their own covens.  Two of her best-known initiates included Madge Worthington and Arthur Eaglen who went on to found the prolific Whitecroft Way coven in South London.  In this way Eleanor was ultimately responsible for a large number of down-line initiatory descendants that ensured the survival of the Gardnerian Tradition both in the UK and across Europe.


During the day Eleanor was a registered nurse Matron in charge of running an old folk’s home, while at night she was a High Priestess in charge of a coven of Witches as she explained in a later interview:


“My flat is a four-penny bus ride from the old folk’s home in Streatham, in a house called The Towers.  The cauldron inside my front door is no door-stop, it’s part of my other life.  I’m not only a witch, but one of Britain’s three High Priestesses.  By day I dress for my job as matron in a tweed suit, thick lisle stockings and brogues.  By night I dance naked with only a garter on my left thigh.  I’ve often wondered what my neighbours at the Towers think of the bumps in the night.  I tell them it’s me moving the furniture about.


My coven meets in the living room.  I take everything out of the room, clearing off the magic circle on the carpet, and setting up an altar is no easy task.  I use a huge old chest on which I lay my ritual knives.  Sacrifice?  Never.  People confuse witches like me with Black Magic.  They say the red wine and small cakes I administer to my kneeling coven are a travesty of the Holy Communion.  Piffle!  They are symbolic of the harvest and we are simply giving thanks to the gods for the grapes and the grain.


It is true that we are always naked at our rituals, but the reason is our search for purity.  We don’t wear clothes because they bring foreign particles into our magic circle.  Our magic circle is purified with salt water.  It is a big ring drawn at the beginning of each ceremony.  It is drawn symbolically with the witches’ sword – but I’ve painted mine on the carpet to save time.  Once the circle is made, the High Priestess – that’s me – sprinkles salt water all over it.  You might call it our equivalent of Holy Water.  When the circle has been purified in this way no member of the coven can enter it unless they are naked, for a speck of dust from our everyday clothes might spoil our magic.


Please don’t run away with the idea that we have a sexual orgy.  My coven is made up of middle-aged men and women – the kind of people you see in any bus queue.  There is nothing sexy about us with our clothes off.  We take it all very seriously and a prospective member to the “craft” is watched closely for three months before his or her nomination is put to the vote.  That’s how choosy we are.


As high-priestess of the coven I’ve had my share of crank letters, but I’ve a stock answer for those kind of crackpots – I write and tell them it’s a psychiatrist they need, not a witch”.




By day a matron of an old folks home  -  By night a High Priestess of a witches coven


Eleanor’s connection with other witches through the 1960’s included “Dafo” the mysterious witch of the New Forest coven in Hampshire responsible for initiating Gerald B. Gardner into the Craft during 1939, about whom she talked about in an interview:


Dafo most certainly did exist and I had the pleasure of visiting her with Gerald Gardner and my husband on many occasions.  We were good friends.  Dafo talked about the New Forest traditions and seemed to think that the coven had originated from around the time of Rufus— the Norman King who died in the forest.  She was a schoolteacher and was also known to my mother who knew her through the Hampshire education circuit.  I never met any other members of the New Forest coven and did not practise Wicca with Dafo.  She and I were good friends.  She confided in me that both she and the New Forest coven gave a sigh of relief when Gerald Gardner moved away to the Isle of Man.  They felt he was a publicity seeker and I know for a fact he had never been trusted with any teachings in writing.  Dafo and I called Gerald 'The Old Boy'— he was a lovely old man and generous to a fault, people often took advantage of him.  I know he had never been initiated beyond the first degree in Wicca”.


Into the early 1960’s a number of publicity scandals threatened to check the progress of the newly evolving Gardnerian Tradition as other people began forming their own covens and traditions.  The most famous of these was of course Alex Sanders, who having taken the title “King of the Witches” like Gerald Gardner he actively courted media attention.  After the death of Gerald Gardner on the 12th February 1964, it was then left to his three main High Priestesses:  Monique Wilson, Patricia Crowther and Eleanor Bone to carry on his legacy and represent the public face of the Gardnerian Tradition in Britain.


Monique Wilson who had founded two covens in Scotland had already become one of his main spokespersons and was dubbed by the press “the Queen of the Witches”, a title that brought on her the disdain of other craft leaders, and in particular Eleanor Bone, who had no time for hypocrisy.  Just before Gardner’s death however, Monique initiated Raymond Buckland into the Craft, who went on to found the first Gardnerian coven in the United States.




Monique Wilson with Gerald Gardner  -  Raymond Buckland and wife Rosemary


Patricia Crowther in the North of England had founded covens in Yorkshire and Lancashire.  As a minor show-biz celebrity connected with the entertainment world, Patricia became a frequent guest on radio talk shows, appeared regularly on local television, and traveled up and down the country giving lectures at Universities and other institutions in her efforts to dispel the many myths and misconceptions surrounding the Craft and the Old Religion.



Patricia Crowther


In London, Eleanor was accomplishing much the same in her own way, she was always willing to pose for photographers or give interviews to authors, journalists and researchers.  She was motivated not out of personal gain or recognition, but simply trying to represent Wicca and Witchcraft in a positive light.  Her sincere hope was that modern society would eventually accept Wicca as a legitimate religion, equal alongside others such like Christianity and Buddhism etc.


In June 1964 Eleanor invited a newspaper photographer to photograph parts of a secret initiation ceremony held in the remote witches cottage deep in Bricket Wood, Hertfordshire.  Initiations at the cottage were always conducted skyclad (naked)…




Cottage in Locket Wood, Hertfordshire


… And in May 1965 to witness and photograph a fire ritual held at the famous Rollright Stones circle in Wiltshire:




Rollright Stones circle in Wiltshire


In 1966 Eleanor and Patricia Crowther came together to denounce Alex Sanders as the “King of the Witches”, a title they thought he had no right to claim, they also refuted his claim to a hereditary witch linage and the manner in which he claimed to have been initiated as a witch.  Their battle to discredit Sanders had little effect however, except to emphasize the Gardnerians mis-trust of others outside of their own tradition, for Sanders succeeded in forming an equally strong and influential tradition, the Alexandrian Tradition.  Eleanor however did gain some ground that year when she was chosen to replace Harold Wilson, the Prime Minister, as an honorary member of the Oxford University Liberal Club.


Also in 1966 Eleanor purchased a cottage in the village of Blindcrake, near Cockermouth, Cumbria, the county in northern England she had grown to love while working through the war years.  This she had renovated for use as her home in the country where she could take a break from the pace and pressures of life living in London.  She also started a new coven there, which soon caught the attention of the local news media:


New Brooms For Old


(Newspaper Article in Prediction – Monthly Miscellany November 1, 1966)


Mrs. Eleanor Bone, one of our leading modern witches, is planning to form a coven in Cumberland.  At present Mrs. Bone, with her husband, runs an old people’s home in London.  But she has taken a cottage at Blindcrake, near Cockermouth, and is now busy modernizing it before moving in.
She says that even before they thought of moving to Cumberland, she had a number of letters from people in the area expressing interest in the craft.

“I think people in the country” she added, “are fare more sympathetic to the craft than city people.”


In the Glasgow Herald however, Alastair Phillips thinks Mrs. Bone will not find things easy in Cumberland, which, he says, is already full of witches and warlocks. “She will doubtless find her cantrips severely tested by the rivalry of many experienced, if less well-known, witches and adherents, who will be less easily overcome or convinced than the idle and decadent dilettantes of the London suburbs”.
One might, I think, reassure walkers who climb the Great Gable or stride along Striding Edge, that they need not fear meeting any air-borne witches or warlocks. Modern witches do not fly, not even on vacuum cleaners!


As time moved on through the 1960’s Eleanor found herself being called upon to speak more and more about the Craft.  She was also considered an authority on curses and spells, and during a trip to the United States was asked to participate in a US television chat show with another curse authority, the eccentric Sybil Leek.  Both being strong willed and outspoken women, after an exchange of dry witty insults, Eleanor was asked to turn Sybil into a toad, at which she replied:  Why should I improve on nature.”



Sybil Leek


In 1968 Eleanor went on a pilgrimage to Tunis where she visited the grave of Gerald B. Gardner.  While there she learned from the Chaplin that the Tunisian Government would shortly be turning the cemetery into a public park.  He explained that if she wished to disinter his remains and move them to another location, that this could be arranged.  Through donations made by members of the Craft, Gardner’s remains were later laid to rest in a more fitting place close to the ancient city of Carthage, once a prominent religious centre where they worshiped the Moon goddess Tanit and the Sun god Baal, the equivalent of the Phoenician goddess Astarte.  Cults associated with the Greek goddesses Demeter and Persephone and the Roman goddess Juno were also worshiped there.  While Eleanor arranged all this in his honour, she never made mention of it again publicly.


Sadly after almost 40 years, Gardner’s grave had been left untended, although undisturbed and unmarked, through time it had gradually settled and subsided unevenly into the ground and become overgrown with weeds and strewn with rubble.  However, in 2007 a meeting took place between Patricia Crowther and Larry Jones, a member of the Craft from Washington State, U.S.A.  Larry at the time was working in North Africa, and Patricia took the opportunity to charge Larry with finding his grave.  Taking a short break from his work to visit Tunis, he managed to track down the location of the grave and in the short time available to him, arranged for the ground to be cleared and the gravestone re-erected.  A new plaque was then added on top of the gravestone.




In 2007, a new plaque was added on top of Gardner’s grave that reads in the words of Patricia Crowther:


Gerald Brosseau Gardner

13th June 1884 - 12th February 1964

Author Archaeologist Artist

Father of Modern Wica

Beloved of the Great Goddess


After years of living within the hustle and bustle of London, in 1972 Eleanor and Bill decided to move back to the peace and quite of Cumbria full-time.  This time they bought a small nursing home in Alston, which at 1000 feet above sea level is one of the highest market village settlements in England.  It is also very remote and situated in a landscape designated as an “Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.”  From there Eleanor also continued to run her coven at Cockermouth, just a short 50 mile car drive away across the scenic North Pennines.


At its peak Alston was once a thriving lead-mining area and home to about a 7,000 people, but today its population has dropped to less than 1,200.  Sadly just a few years after moving into their new nursing home, they were forced to close it down due to financial mismanagement.  Effectively made bankrupt and without other funds they were appointed a council house in the next village Garrigill, situated just a few miles away from where the nursing home had been located.  Toward the end of the 1970’s and unable to maintain her regular trips to Cockermouth, her coven also became inactive. 




Alston Village and Garrigill Village.


Perhaps due to the stress of the sudden move into poorer circumstances, Eleanor and Bill later became estranged, but continued to live together in the council house until he passed away on the 24th of August 1984.  Eleanor had Bill’s remains cremated and on the 30th of August 1984, privately buried his ashes in the public cemetery at Garrigill.  She performed a ritual service herself, but without permission from the council, and so no official records exist of where exactly she buried him.


While her coven in Cockermouth had become inactive, Eleanor had not given up her position as a High Priestess of the Gardnerian tradition, and instead took on a role as an Elder spokeswoman for the Craft speaking out in its defense.  Shortly after the death of her husband in 1984 she was asked to give another interview on Witchcraft.  This was later published in a Newcastle newspaper.  After it appeared she became so inundated with correspondence from people wishing to know more, she decided to start teaching again and formed a new coven from her home in Garrigill.  This lasted for more than a decade before it disbanded as more and more people left the area for better work opportunities.


Eleanor’s final years appear to have been lonely ones, her coven had disbanded and she had lost touch with most of the London Wicca community.  Aside from her devoted son John who visited regularly, she had one friend who lived a few houses down the road, an elderly lady with whom she did crossword puzzles and exchanged crime novels from the library.  Occasionally some of her neighbours would pop in and cook a meal for her, and the local council housing inspector dropped by once a week to bring her what little essential shopping she could afford.  Sadly her son John passed away on the 29th September 1999.  His remains were also cremated and Eleanor kept his ashes in urn at her home.


In the summer of 2001 Eleanor gave a final interview for the then annual “Occulture Festival” held in Brighton.  In a live telephone link-up from her home in Garrigill, she spoke about the origins of modern Witchcraft and discussed some little known facts about the New Forest coven (see Dafo quoted above).  In her closing comments she reminded people that when she had first practiced the Craft, it had still been illegal, and since then we had come along way in gaining acceptance, she was proud that Wicca was finally taking its place beside other world religions.  The interview finished with a standing ovation.


Later that year in August 2001, already frail in health, Eleanor stated she would soon be “called back to the Old Gods”, and so made arrangements to wrap up her affairs.  Just a month later at the Autumn Equinox, her health took a turn for the worse and her dedicated carer who visited each day found she had passed away in her sleep on the 21st of September 2001.



Sadly Eleanor died penniless and all her belongings were sold to cover her basic funeral expenses, but this did not include a grave marker, and so she was buried in an unmarked grave at the back of the Garrigill public cemetery.  The ashes of her devoted son John were also buried with her.  Despite all her efforts over the years to debunk and dispel the many myths and disillusionments about witchcraft, the age-old sigma of being a Witch still prevailed, for apparently the local council decided they did not want a so-called Witch buried in a prominent place in their public cemetery.


Throughout her many years as a spokesperson for the Gardnerian Tradition and Wicca in general, Eleanor was always unhesitating when answering bigots and outside critics of the Craft, and was particularly disdainful of those in the Craft she felt degraded their positions by taking unjustified titles to boost their own self egos.  Weather she approved or not is uncertain, but toward the end of her life she was given her own title as the “Matriarch of British Witchcraft”.  The origin of the title is unknown, but there can be little doubt that she enjoyed a special regard within the Pagan community and today her name commands the respect of most all Pagans and Witches.







At Samhain in 2014, Sophia Boann, a Gardnerian High Priestess and an initiatory descendant from Eleanor Bone established the “Eleanor Bone Memorial Fund” with an expressed wish to raise monies for the purchase of a new headstone for her unmarked grave in Garrigill public cemetery.  A dedicated committee was then formed to manage the fund consisting of:  Sophia Boann (as Chair), Vivianne & Chris Crowley (both initiatory descendants), Melissa Harrington (an initiatory descendant) with her husband Rufus Harrington, Philip Heselton (Gerald Gardner’s biographer) and Ronald Hutton (Professor of History at Bristol University and Britain’s leading authority on Paganism and Wicca/Witchcraft).


The response from the Pagan/Wicca/Witchcraft community was overwhelming, and within a very short time after the appeal was sent out, £2,700 had been raised from donations that flooded in from all corners of the world.  The funds raised were more than sufficient to cover insurance, upkeep and future fees and charges for the grave. 


With the funding in place and together with Eleanor Bone’s granddaughter Sheena (daughter of her son John), a gravestone was chosen and a local stonemason commissioned to work on the inscription/dedication.  The inscription not only honours Eleanor’s name, but includes the epitaph words she herself had used when dedicating Gerald Gardner’s grave in Tunisia:  To meet, to know, to remember and to love again” (information kindly provided by Patricia Crowther).  The inscription also includes the names of her late husband Arthur W, Bone and son John M. P. C. Posner, whose ashes were buried with her. (Note, while the exact burial site of her husbands ashes is still unknown, it is thought they were buried somewhere nearby in the same cemetery, and so fitting his name be added here to commemorate him).



Eleanor’s new gravestone close to the entrance of Garrigill cemetery.


As far as is known Eleanor’s new gravestone is the first gravestone in Great Britain to be inscribed with a Pentacle (Donna Gardner’s gravestone, wife of Gerald B. Gardner, which the design was based on, is located on the Isle of Man, which is not part of Great Britain). 



The tree-lined avenue entrance to Garrigill public cemetery where Eleanor’s new grave and headstone is situated just off to the right.


On Saturday the 12th of September 2015, on a cold, wet and windy day, Pagans, Wiccans and Witches gathered together at 13.00pm in the Town Hall in nearby Alston to celebrate the legacy left behind by Eleanor Ray Bone.  They then relocated to the Garrigill public cemetery a short distance away where Eleanor’s the new gravestone and resting place was appropriately dressed for the occasion.



The headstone prepared as an altar for the ritual to consecrate the ground and dedicate the memorial to Eleanor.


When all had gathered again at the cemetery, a circle was formed around the grave and the ritual service of dedication began.  Four representatives from different lines of the Gardnerian Wicca tradition then called in the “Gods and Mighty Ones of the four directions” and asked them to guard her resting place.  Rufus and Melissa Harrington then ritually consecrated the grave with incense, salt and water.




Rufus & Melissa Harrington consecrating the grave with incense, salt and water.


Time was then allowed for messages and devotions.  Unable to attend herself, Ashley Mortimer from the Doreen Valiente Foundation then read out a message on behalf of Patricia Crowther to her fellow High Priestess and long time friend, which reads:


Greetings to everyone on this important occasion.  It is good to know that a headstone for Ray’s grave has been purchased by the Pagan community and is being erected today.  As a High Priestess Ray ran a coven for many years and worked hard in her defence of the “Craft of The Wise”, by her interviews on radio, television and the “Fourth Estate”.  And we must not forget that when the graveyard where Gerald’s body was situated was due to be turned into a park it was Ray who organised the proceedings, went to Tunis and had his remains transferred to a cemetery in that city.


Although we kept in touch by the phone, we last met in July 1982, when we were staying in the Lake District and Ray came over to see us, accompanied by her dog.  We had a good few hours catching up on old times and discussing the then Pagan scene, it was a most enjoyable afternoon for all of us.


It is indeed gratifying to know that modern Pagans are remembering Ray in this way and that both the Craft and Paganism are going from strength to strength.  And I am sure that Ray is aware of the ceremony for her which is taking place today.


Blessed Be!


Patricia Crowther.”



Ashley Mortimer reads out a message from Patricia Crowther.


Sophia Boann (founder and chair of the Eleanor Bone Memorial Fund) then read out the words that Eleanor herself had used during the ritual she performed at Gerald B. Gardner’s grave in Tunis, and which she had repeated for her own husband Bill.  Next Eleanor Bone’s granddaughter Sheena recited the poem “Elegy for a Dead Witch” by Doreen Valiente, after which the service was concluded by dismissing and thanking the “Gods and Mighty Ones” for attending and closing the circle.




Sheena, granddaughter of Eleanor Bone, together with Rufus & Melissa Harrington and Sophia Boann - Group photo of all attendee’s.







The Triumph of the Moon - Ronald Hutton

The Encyclopedia of Modern Witchcraft and Neo-paganism - By Shelley Rabinovitch

The Witch Book - The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, Wicca, and Neo-paganism - By Raymond Buckland

“As a Matron and as a Witch”, an interview with Eleanor in a UK magazine called Tit-Bit’s, week ending 6th June 1964.

“Witches In Britain”, an article in the Weekend Telegraph – Number 35, 21st May 1965

An obituary by Jonathan Tapsell at:

Books by Philip Heselton author and biographer of Gerald Gardner “WitchFather”.

Ashley Mortimer for the personal message from Patricia Crowther


Personal communication with Sophia Boann (founder and chair of the Eleanor Bone Memorial Fund).


First published on the 10th October 2007  ©  George Knowles - up-dated 12th December 2015.



Best wishes and Blessed Be



Site Contents - Links to all Pages


Home Page


A Universal Message:


Let there be peace in the world  -   Where have all the flowers gone?


About me:

My Personal PageMy Place in England / My Family Tree (Ancestry)


Wicca & Witchcraft


Wicca/Witchcraft /  What is Wicca What is Magick


Traditional Writings:


The Wiccan Rede Charge of the Goddess Charge of the God  /  The Three-Fold Law (includes The Law of Power and The Four Powers of the Magus) /  The Witches Chant The Witches Creed Descent of the Goddess Drawing Down the Moon The Great Rite Invocation Invocation of the Horned GodThe 13 Principles of Wiccan Belief /  The Witches Rede of Chivalry A Pledge to Pagan Spirituality


Correspondence Tables:


IncenseCandlesColours Magickal Days Stones and Gems Elements and Elementals




Traditions Part 1  -  Alexandrian Wicca /  Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) /  Ár Ndraíocht Féin (ADF) /  Blue Star Wicca /  British Traditional (Druidic Witchcraft) /  Celtic Wicca /  Ceremonial Magic /  Chaos Magic /  Church and School of Wicca /  Circle Sanctuary /  Covenant of the Goddess (COG) /  Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS) /  Cyber Wicca /  Dianic Wicca /  Eclectic Wicca /  Feri Wicca /


Traditions Part 2 Gardnerian Wicca /  Georgian Tradition /  Henge of Keltria /  Hereditary Witchcraft /  Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) /  Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch) /  Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition /  Nordic Paganism /  Pagan Federation /  Pectic-Wita /  Seax-Wica /  Shamanism /  Solitary /  Strega /  Sylvan Tradition /  Vodoun or Voodoo /  Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA) /


Other things of interest:


Gods and Goddesses (Greek Mythology) /  Esbats & Full Moons Links to Personal Friends & Resources Wicca/Witchcraft Resources What's a spell? Circle Casting and Sacred Space  Pentagram - Pentacle Marks of a Witch The Witches Power The Witches Hat An esoteric guide to visiting London SatanismPow-wowThe Unitarian Universalist Association /  Numerology:  Part 1  Part 2  /  Part 3A history of the Malleus Maleficarum:  includes:  Pope Innocent VIII  /  The papal Bull  /   The Malleus Maleficarum  /  An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum  /  The letter of approbation  /  Johann Nider’s Formicarius  /  Jacob Sprenger  /  Heinrich Kramer  /  Stefano Infessura  /  Montague Summers  /  The Waldenses  /  The Albigenses  /  The Hussites /  The Native American Sun DanceShielding (Occult and Psychic Protection)  The History of ThanksgivingAuras  - Part 1 and Part 2 Doreen Valiente Witch” (A Book Review) /   


Sabbats and Festivals:


The Sabbats in History and Mythology /  Samhain (October 31st)  /  Yule (December 21st)  /  Imbolc (February 2nd)  /  Ostara (March 21st)  /  Beltane (April 30th)  /  Litha (June 21st)  /  Lammas/Lughnasadh (August 1st)  /  Mabon (September 21st)


Rituals contributed by Crone:


Samhain / Yule Imbolc Ostara /  Beltane Litha Lammas Mabon




Tools of a Witch  /  The Besom (Broom) /  Poppets and DollsPendulums / Cauldron Magick Mirror Gazing




Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar and Totem Animals) /  AntelopeBatsCrow Fox Frog and Toads Goat / HoneybeeKangarooLion OwlPhoenix Rabbits and HaresRaven Robin RedbreastSheep Spider SquirrelSwansUnicornWild Boar Wolf /  Serpent /  Pig /  Stag /  Horse /  Mouse /  Cat /  Rats /  Unicorn




In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar.  For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following:  Birch /  Rowan / Ash /  Alder /  Willow Hawthorn /  Oak /  Holly /  Hazel /  Vine /  Ivy /  Reed /  Elder


Sacred Sites:


Mystical Sacred Sites  -  Stonehenge /  Glastonbury Tor /  Malta - The Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni /  Avebury /  Cerne Abbas - The Chalk Giant /  Ireland - Newgrange /


Rocks and Stones:


Stones - History, Myths and Lore


Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin:


Apophyllite  / Amber Amethyst Aquamarine Aragonite Aventurine Black Tourmaline Bloodstone Calcite Carnelian Celestite Citrine Chrysanthemum StoneDiamond  /  Emerald / Fluorite Garnet /  Hematite Herkimer Diamond Labradorite Lapis Lazuli Malachite Moonstone Obsidian Opal Pyrite Quartz (Rock Crystal) Rose Quartz Ruby Selenite Seraphinite  /  Silver and GoldSmoky QuartzSodalite Sunstone ThundereggTree AgateZebra Marble


Wisdom and Inspiration:


Knowledge vs Wisdom by Ardriana Cahill I Talk to the TreesAwakening The Witch in YouA Tale of the Woods I have a Dream by Martin Luther King /


Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:


Murdered by Witchcraft The Fairy Witch of Clonmel A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) /  Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife /  The Story of Jack-O-Lantern The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) /  The Two Brothers - Light and Dark


Old Masters of Academia:


Pliny the ElderHesiodPythagoras





A "Who's Who" of Witches, Pagans and other associated People

(Ancient, Past and Present)


Remembered at Samhain

(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)


Pagan Pioneers:  Founders, Elders, Leaders and Others


Abramelin the Mage /  Agrippa Aidan A KellyAlbertus Magnus - “Albert the Great” Aleister Crowley - “The Great Beast” /  Alex Sanders - “King of the Witches” /  Alison Harlow /   Allan Bennett - the Ven. Ananda MetteyyaAllan Kardec (Spiritism) /  Alphonsus de SpinaAmber KAnn Moura /  Anna FranklinAnodea JudithAnton Szandor LaVey /  Arnold CrowtherArthur Edward Waite /  Austin Osman SpareBalthasar Bekker /  Biddy EarlyBarbara Vickers /  Bridget Cleary - The Fairy Witch of Clonmel /  Carl " Llewellyn" Weschcke Cecil Hugh WilliamsonCharles Godfrey Leland /   Charles WaltonChristopher PenczakChristina Oakley Harrington Cornelius Loos /  Damh the Bard - "Dave Smith" /  Dion Fortune /  Dolores Aschroft-NowickiDonald Michael Kraig Doreen ValienteDorothy MorrisonDr. John Dee & Edward Kelly /  Dr. Leo Louis Martello /  Edain McCoy /  Edward FitchEleanor Ray Bone - “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” Eliphas Levi /  Ernest Thompson Seton /  Ernest Westlake /  Fiona Horne /   Frederick McLaren Adams - Feraferia Friedrich von Spee /  Francis Barrett /  Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca /  Gerald B. Gardner - The father of contemporary Witchcraft /  Gwydion Pendderwen Hans HolzerHelen Duncan /   Herman Slater - Horrible Herman /  Heinrich KramerIsaac Bonewits Israel RegardieIvo Domínguez Jr. /  Jack Whiteside Parsons - Rocket Science and Magick /  James "Cunning" Murrell - The Master of Witches /  Janet Farrar and Gavin BoneJean Bodin Jessie Wicker Bell - “Lady Sheba” / Johann Weyer  / Johannes Junius - "The Burgomaster of Bamberg" /   Johann Georg Fuchs von Dornheim  -  the “Hexenbrenner” (witch burner) /  John Belham-Payne John George Hohman - "Pow-wow" /  John Gerard /  John Gordon Hargrave and the Kibbo Kith Kindred /  John Michael Greer /  John Score /  Joseph “Bearwalker” Wilson /  Joseph John Campbell /  Karl von Eckartshausen Lady Gwen Thompson - and "The Rede of the Wiccae" /   Laurie Cabot  - "the Official Witch of Salem" /  Lewis SpenceLodovico Maria Sinistrari Ludwig LavaterMadeline Montalban and the Order of the Morning Star /  Margaret Alice MurrayMargot AdlerMichael Howard and the UK "Cauldron Magazine" /  Margaret St. Clair - the “Sign of the Labrys” /  Marie Laveau - " the Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" /  Marion WeinsteinMartin Antoine Del Rio Matthew Hopkins - “The Witch-Finder General” /   Max Ehrmann and the "Desiderata" /  Michael A. Aquino - and The Temple of Set /  Monique WilsonMontague Summers /  Nicholas CulpeperNicholas RemyM. R. SellarsMrs. Maud Grieve - "A Modern Herbal" /  Oberon Zell-Ravenheart and Morning GloryOld Dorothy Clutterbuck /  Old George PickingillOlivia Durdin-Robertson - co-founder of the Fellowship of Isis /  Paddy SladePamela Colman-SmithParacelsus /  Patricia CrowtherPatricia Monaghan /  Patricia “Trish” TelescoPaul Foster Case and the “Builders of the Adytum” mystery school /  Peter Binsfeld /  Philip HeseltonRaven GrimassiRaymond Buckland /  Reginald Scot /  Richard BaxterRobert CochraneRobert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and the "The White Goddess" /  Rosaleen Norton - “The Witch of Kings Cross” /  Rossell Hope Robbins /   Ross Nichols and the " Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids" (OBOD) /  Rudolf SteinerSabrina Underwood - "The Ink Witch" /  Scott CunninghamSelena Fox - founder of "Circle Sanctuary" /  Silver RavenwolfSir Francis Dashwood /  Sir James George Frazer and the " The Golden Bough"S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” /  Starhawk /  Stewart Farrar /  Sybil LeekTed Andrews The Mather Family - (includes:  Richard Mather, Increase Mather and Cotton Mather ) /   Thomas AdyT. Thorn CoyleVera ChapmanVictor & Cora Anderson and the " Feri Tradition" /  Vivianne CrowleyWalter Brown GibsonWalter Ernest ButlerWilliam Butler YeatsZsuzsanna Budapest /  



Many of the above biographies are briefs and far from complete.  If you know about any of these individuals and can help with additional information, please contact me privately at my email address below.  Many thanks for reading  :-)



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