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The Magic of Rocks and Stones

Silver & Gold

For Beltane, I chose to concentrate on two very precious metals with which we have had an ongoing love affair throughout time.  And while they each compliment the other, each are entwined in our most ancient psyche as true representations of the masculine and feminine ~ Gold and Silver.  It is no wonder our ancestors chose these two long-lasting, valuable and highly-prized precious metals to associate with the Lord and Lady.  They are the Lord and Lady of the metallic mineral kingdom! 

As I unmask and entwine these two even further within this text, for their full effect please allow their essences to permeate and meld with your own, for this is merely a glimpse into their world.

 For purity, riches and divine courtship, I call upon the powers of Gold, Au, born with untarnished boldness and vitality everlasting, and who cleaves unto none other than his most beloved.


And to whom he does adore for her gifts of insight, magick and mystical wisdom, I call upon the powers of Silver, Ag, born to sensuous expression and curvaceous form, through which she invokes the attention of her consort.

Yes, Gold has long been associated with the projective solar masculine and its properties connected to the attributes of the God and the life-giving Sun.  Its Element is Fire, and it is connected to the astrological sign of Leo.  Chemically, Gold is a Native Element - meaning it is one of the 118 found in the Periodic Table of Elements where its symbol is "Au", and one of only a very few solid minerals found in a native state - making it highly attractive, valuable and the most prized of all metals.  A rich, golden-yellow color, these dazzlers occur in nugget, grain, flake, massive, or occasionally octahedral or dodecahedral form, but often in veins within Quartz.  Gold is extremely soft and malleable (registering only 2.5 on the Mohs Scale) and is remarkably pure, along with being remarkably inert; this means it does not react nor bond with most other chemicals and thus will not tarnish or rust.  Because of this, in alchemy, Gold is called a "noble" metal.  But to increase Gold's hardness, it is alloyed with Silver (transforming Gold to White Gold), Copper (to Pink or Rose Gold) or other metals so that it may become the adornments we so desire.  Here, the percentage of alloy is measured in karats (K, Kt); 24 karats equals 100% gold (no jewelry is made of 24 K gold), whereas 14 karat gold is 14 parts out of 24 (or 58%) pure gold. 

Also a Native Element and highly prized, Silver occurs in wiry, curvy form, or dendritic, scaly or massive habits and occasionally, but rarely, in octahedrals or dodecahedrals.  It is also a very soft metal, registering only 2.5-3.0 on the Mohs Scale - and like Gold, too soft to be able to be worn well so it too enjoys commingling with another.  (Sterling Silver is 92.5% Silver with the other 7.5 usually Copper.)  As a beautiful silvery-white metal, Silver has long been associated with the Moon and the sacred receptive lunar feminine, its properties connected with the same attributes of the Goddess - divine inner wisdom, magick, mystery, insight, psychic powers and perception, and of course, connection with Deity.  Its Element is Water, and it is associated to the astrological sign of Cancer.  Silver's symbol "Ag" derives from the Latin word "argentum" which in turn derives from the Sanskrit word meaning "white and shining".  But when oxidized, Silver will tarnish.


Both Gold and Silver stand for purify and have the ability to purify, and both provide a direct channel to Deity. Hot, fiery Gold is known to attract wealth, success and power, so much so that it also comes with a warning against greed.  The term "gold fever" did not enter our vocabulary for no reason and is indicative of just how much power Gold has and of how much feverish fire it can bestow.  Those working with Gold do best by adding Silver to their studies and use for its Water Element essence, for Silver's greatest role is in its gifts of insight, intuition and wisdom which will balance and bring awareness to the strength of Gold and counteract any ensuing leanings toward greed.  Silver opens a strong connection to the spirit world, from deity to the elementals to the fae, and promotes all things spiritual. It is a mirror to the soul.  It enhances Astral travel or tapping into the subconscious along with offering its protection.  Many believe there is a "silver cord" or "life thread" that is connected to the etheric and physical body that guides us back from dream state and ethereal journeys.  

Behold Au! He who has scattered his desirous golden seed over the lands on and within every forest, mountain and hillside.  We rejoice in your presence!

Heal us! Purify us! Shower us in your warmth and bathe us in your light.

Rise up and attend - the Goddess awaits you.


Behold Ag! She who brings forth every bud, leaf and blossom of insight, over every forest, mountain and hillside, with electrifying allure.  We rejoice in your presence!

Nurture us! Guide us! Plant and grant us your deep wisdom.

Open all hearts - Receive your lover.

Who first discovered Gold remains a mystery, as there is much myth and legend surrounding this royal metal.  What we do know is that Gold has been mined for at least 6000 years.  Ancient sources of Gold were in the Upper Nile region of Egypt and Nubia ("Nub" being the Egyptian word for "gold") and the lands of ancient Mesopotamia, but during the Middle Ages the main sources were the mines of Saxony and Austria.  Today, half the world's Gold comes out of South Africa, with other notable sources being Australia, Russia, Canada and the U.S.. Rare small crystals of Gold have been found in California, U.S., while giant nuggets over 200 pounds have been discovered in Australia.  In the past, most Gold was recovered from river and stream gravels, called "placer deposits" where small flakes or particles of the mineral concentrated after being weathered away from its host rock.  The ancients also mined veins of Gold by using tools of the day - bone picks, stone hammers, wooden trowels, and some say even a melting process where they would set the vein aflame.  Later in time came the use of special pans for panning for Gold near alluvial deposits, a process where extraneous gravels are slowly washed away through the swirling and shaking of the pan in the water, leaving the gold flakes, scales or nuggets in the bottom of the pan since Gold is heavier than most other minerals.  Other forms of mining include dredging, sluicing and the typical hard rock mining where Gold is extracted from hydrothermal veins within Quartz or even Pyrite.  Pyrite has being nicknamed "Fool's Gold" because of its similar color and for the fact that it's been often mistaken for Gold even though Pyrite is generally a more silvery-gold hue.


Silver is widely distributed throughout the world and yet is considered rare compared to other metals. Most Silver comes from Mexico, U.S., Canada, Australia, Peru and Russia, and while native Silver can be found, most of it is mined as a byproduct in the refining of lead, copper and zinc.  And oddly, or maybe not so oddly, Silver and Gold are often found nestled together within certain deposits.  As if added proof of Silver and Gold's love for each other, a naturally occurring gold-silver alloy called "Electrum" exists, and it is thought that the earliest coins in history were made from this amalgam in the ancient kingdom of Lydia (modern day Turkey) c. 600 BC.  The lands of Lydia and nearby Ionia were rich and prosperous and noted for their wealth which could be attributed to Lydia's King Alyattes' minting of these Electrum coins.  They are often considered the first true commercial currency whose earliest issues featured a roaring lion.

Throughout history in both fact and legend, a whole host of sacred images, icons, amulets, jewelry, adornments and artifacts were fashioned out of either Gold or Silver and many an altar has been adorned with them.  There are so many beautiful and interesting things these precious metals were used for, that I will only name a few of the most notable here - for instance, the burial effigy mask and coffin of the Egyptian child-king Tutankhamen.  Early Egyptians were enamored of Gold and the royal blue stone Lapis Lazuli and emerald green Malachite.  They constructed elaborate burial adornments with these minerals to signify wealth or to denote the nobility of the deceased.  The ancient Mayans and Aztecs prized Silver as highly as they did Gold and used it to mold images of their gods.  In legend, it is said the Druids collected mistletoe with sickles made of Gold.  And in Irish myth, when King Nuada lost his arm in battle, the god of healing, Dian Cécht, made him an artificial arm of Silver so that he would be able to return to his throne.  Within Hinduism, the ancient Vedas expound upon the virtues of Silver and other pure metals for healing.  Tibetan Bonpo shamanism tell of the waters of "a river filled with silver sands that will make anyone who drinks from it as lovely as a peacock".  Yes, the love affair goes on and on.  And as Gold is indestructible, it is a fact that all the Gold ever mined is nearly equal to all the Gold in use today, so it is not inconceivable that what Gold we wear today may have once belonged to some ancient King, Queen or nobleman...perhaps even our own ancestors!

Gold has been nicknamed "The Master Healer" and is noted for its aid in purification of the physical body, whereas Silver is our "Master Conductor" and opens the channels of our mind and spirit.  Silver's conductivity of heat and electricity is second to none; it is used extensively in electrical applications.  The largest single use of Silver was in the pre-digital photographic industry, and without which it would have made early photography impossible.  Silver is highly reactive to light.  And with Gold as the Sun, need I say more? ;) 

In the realm of healing, Silver and Gold can be very helpful.  Use Gold as an aid in purification of all forms, for added vitality, in combating depression, rejuvenating the Nervous System, enhancing mental faculties, improving digestion, circulation or heart disease...just to name a few.  It truly is a versatile mineral.  And use Silver as an aid for emotional distress, anxiety, sleep disorders, to eliminate toxins at a cellular level, reduce fevers, balance hormones, or help rectify poor vision.  A fine elixir can be made from either of our sparkling beauties.  To make the elixir, take 3 Gold or Silver coins, cleanse them well and then place them into a lidded glass container to which you have added fresh spring water.  Place it in full sunlight and moonlight for a full 24-72 hours (the longer the stronger) and the resulting mineral water may then be consumed.  For additional amplification, surround the glass container with 7 Quartz crystal points - the terminated ends facing the water and coins throughout the process.  Gold has a warming and rejuvenating tendency, whereas Silver has a cooling and soothing tendency.  Together they create a balancing effect. In magick, both Gold and Silver can be used with great accuracy in money spells.  But no matter what you use them for, they both assist greatly in the bending of energies and the directing of magick's flow.  Silver is excellent for use in any Moon magick; Gold is excellent for use in any Sun magick.  Combine the two and you have a dynamite powerhouse effect!

Although there is much, much more to say about Gold and Silver, and even though I could go on and on about these two lofty lovers - more than I could ever put down within this small article - I cannot close without simply adding a few words about two other all-important aspects of Gold and Silver - their intense sexuality and sensuality.  With Gold projective and Silver receptive, we have both virile strength and tender submission.  We have passionate movement and sensuous abandon.  We have assertive love and inserted sentience.  Our own love of Gold and Silver has transcended Time.  From Mount Olympus to modern day Olympics, they are the metals of the gods and the medals of our heroes, both signifying royalty, honor, success, spirituality, life and love.

As the veil now is thin as it is at high Samhain,

grant us your gold visions and silvery tongue

that we may see through your eyes and speak of your glory

and dance to the songs our ancestors once sung.

We will revel this night and bask in love's story,

as the fire grows high and the silver bell's rung.


<bows to the Two who are One>

Happy Beltane!


Smithsonian Rock & Gem, R.L. Bonewitz. 2005. 

Cunningham's Encyclopedia of Crystal, Gem & Metal Magic, Scott Cunningham. 1988. 

Love Is In the Earth, Melody. 2008 

Gold himself & Silver herself.

© Patricia J. Martin, April, 2010

Best wishes and Blessed Be


Site Contents - Links to all Pages


Home Page


A Universal Message:


Let there be peace in the world  -   Where have all the flowers gone?


About me:

My Personal PageMy Place in England / My Family Tree (Ancestry)


Wicca & Witchcraft


Wicca/Witchcraft /  What is Wicca What is Magick


Traditional Writings:


The Wiccan Rede Charge of the Goddess Charge of the God  /  The Three-Fold Law (includes The Law of Power and The Four Powers of the Magus) /  The Witches Chant The Witches Creed Descent of the Goddess Drawing Down the Moon The Great Rite Invocation Invocation of the Horned GodThe 13 Principles of Wiccan Belief /  The Witches Rede of Chivalry A Pledge to Pagan Spirituality


Correspondence Tables:


IncenseCandlesColours Magickal Days Stones and Gems Elements and Elementals




Traditions Part 1  -  Alexandrian Wicca /  Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) /  Ár Ndraíocht Féin (ADF) /  Blue Star Wicca /  British Traditional (Druidic Witchcraft) /  Celtic Wicca /  Ceremonial Magic /  Chaos Magic /  Church and School of Wicca /  Circle Sanctuary /  Covenant of the Goddess (COG) /  Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS) /  Cyber Wicca /  Dianic Wicca /  Eclectic Wicca /  Feri Wicca /


Traditions Part 2 Gardnerian Wicca /  Georgian Tradition /  Henge of Keltria /  Hereditary Witchcraft /  Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) /  Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch) /  Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition /  Nordic Paganism /  Pagan Federation /  Pectic-Wita /  Seax-Wica /  Shamanism /  Solitary /  Strega /  Sylvan Tradition /  Vodoun or Voodoo /  Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA) /


Other things of interest:


Gods and Goddesses (Greek Mythology) /  Esbats & Full Moons Links to Personal Friends & Resources Wicca/Witchcraft Resources What's a spell? Circle Casting and Sacred Space  Pentagram - Pentacle Marks of a Witch The Witches Power The Witches Hat An esoteric guide to visiting London SatanismPow-wowThe Unitarian Universalist Association /  Numerology:  Part 1  Part 2  /  Part 3A history of the Malleus Maleficarum:  includes:  Pope Innocent VIII  /  The papal Bull  /   The Malleus Maleficarum  /  An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum  /  The letter of approbation  /  Johann Nider’s Formicarius  /  Jacob Sprenger  /  Heinrich Kramer  /  Stefano Infessura  /  Montague Summers  /  The Waldenses  /  The Albigenses  /  The Hussites /  The Native American Sun DanceShielding (Occult and Psychic Protection)  The History of ThanksgivingAuras  - Part 1 and Part 2 Doreen Valiente Witch” (A Book Review) /   


Sabbats and Festivals:


The Sabbats in History and Mythology /  Samhain (October 31st)  /  Yule (December 21st)  /  Imbolc (February 2nd)  /  Ostara (March 21st)  /  Beltane (April 30th)  /  Litha (June 21st)  /  Lammas/Lughnasadh (August 1st)  /  Mabon (September 21st)


Rituals contributed by Crone:


Samhain / Yule Imbolc Ostara /  Beltane Litha Lammas Mabon




Tools of a Witch  /  The Besom (Broom) /  Poppets and DollsPendulums / Cauldron Magick Mirror Gazing




Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar and Totem Animals) /  AntelopeBatsCrow Fox Frog and Toads Goat / HoneybeeKangarooLion OwlPhoenix Rabbits and HaresRaven Robin RedbreastSheep Spider SquirrelSwansUnicornWild Boar Wolf /  Serpent /  Pig /  Stag /  Horse /  Mouse /  Cat /  Rats /  Unicorn




In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar.  For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following:  Birch /  Rowan / Ash /  Alder /  Willow Hawthorn /  Oak /  Holly /  Hazel /  Vine /  Ivy /  Reed /  Elder


Sacred Sites:


Mystical Sacred Sites  -  Stonehenge /  Glastonbury Tor /  Malta - The Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni /  Avebury /  Cerne Abbas - The Chalk Giant /  Ireland - Newgrange /


Rocks and Stones:


Stones - History, Myths and Lore


Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin:


Apophyllite  / Amber Amethyst Aquamarine Aragonite Aventurine Black Tourmaline Bloodstone Calcite Carnelian Celestite Citrine Chrysanthemum StoneDiamond  /  Emerald / Fluorite Garnet /  Hematite Herkimer Diamond Labradorite Lapis Lazuli Malachite Moonstone Obsidian Opal Pyrite Quartz (Rock Crystal) Rose Quartz Ruby Selenite Seraphinite  /  Silver and GoldSmoky QuartzSodalite Sunstone ThundereggTree AgateZebra Marble


Wisdom and Inspiration:


Knowledge vs Wisdom by Ardriana Cahill I Talk to the TreesAwakening The Witch in YouA Tale of the Woods I have a Dream by Martin Luther King /


Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:


Murdered by Witchcraft The Fairy Witch of Clonmel A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) /  Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife /  The Story of Jack-O-Lantern The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) /  The Two Brothers - Light and Dark


Old Masters of Academia:


Pliny the ElderHesiodPythagoras





A "Who's Who" of Witches, Pagans and other associated People

(Ancient, Past and Present)


Remembered at Samhain

(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)


Pagan Pioneers:  Founders, Elders, Leaders and Others


Abramelin the Mage /  Agrippa Aidan A KellyAlbertus Magnus - “Albert the Great” Aleister Crowley - “The Great Beast” /  Alex Sanders - “King of the Witches” /  Alison Harlow /   Allan Bennett - the Ven. Ananda MetteyyaAllan Kardec (Spiritism) /  Alphonsus de SpinaAmber KAnn Moura /  Anna FranklinAnodea JudithAnton Szandor LaVey /  Arnold CrowtherArthur Edward Waite /  Austin Osman SpareBalthasar Bekker /  Biddy EarlyBarbara Vickers /  Bridget Cleary - The Fairy Witch of Clonmel /  Carl " Llewellyn" Weschcke Cecil Hugh WilliamsonCharles Godfrey Leland /   Charles WaltonChristopher PenczakChristina Oakley Harrington Cornelius Loos /  Damh the Bard - "Dave Smith" /  Dion Fortune /  Dolores Aschroft-NowickiDonald Michael Kraig Doreen ValienteDorothy MorrisonDr. John Dee & Edward Kelly /  Dr. Leo Louis Martello /  Edain McCoy /  Edward FitchEleanor Ray Bone - “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” Eliphas Levi /  Ernest Thompson Seton /  Ernest Westlake /  Fiona Horne /   Frederick McLaren Adams - Feraferia Friedrich von Spee /  Francis Barrett /  Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca /  Gerald B. Gardner - The father of contemporary Witchcraft /  Gwydion Pendderwen Hans HolzerHelen Duncan /   Herman Slater - Horrible Herman /  Heinrich KramerIsaac Bonewits Israel RegardieIvo Domínguez Jr. /  Jack Whiteside Parsons - Rocket Science and Magick /  James "Cunning" Murrell - The Master of Witches /  Janet Farrar and Gavin BoneJean Bodin Jessie Wicker Bell - “Lady Sheba” / Johann Weyer  / Johannes Junius - "The Burgomaster of Bamberg" /   Johann Georg Fuchs von Dornheim  -  the “Hexenbrenner” (witch burner) /  John Belham-Payne John George Hohman - "Pow-wow" /  John Gerard /  John Gordon Hargrave and the Kibbo Kith Kindred /  John Michael Greer /  John Score /  Joseph “Bearwalker” Wilson /  Joseph John Campbell /  Karl von Eckartshausen Lady Gwen Thompson - and "The Rede of the Wiccae" /   Laurie Cabot  - "the Official Witch of Salem" /  Lewis SpenceLodovico Maria Sinistrari Ludwig LavaterMadeline Montalban and the Order of the Morning Star /  Margaret Alice MurrayMargot AdlerMichael Howard and the UK "Cauldron Magazine" /  Margaret St. Clair - the “Sign of the Labrys” /  Marie Laveau - " the Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" /  Marion WeinsteinMartin Antoine Del Rio Matthew Hopkins - “The Witch-Finder General” /   Max Ehrmann and the "Desiderata" /  Michael A. Aquino - and The Temple of Set /  Monique WilsonMontague Summers /  Nicholas CulpeperNicholas RemyM. R. SellarsMrs. Maud Grieve - "A Modern Herbal" /  Oberon Zell-Ravenheart and Morning GloryOld Dorothy Clutterbuck /  Old George PickingillOlivia Durdin-Robertson - co-founder of the Fellowship of Isis /  Paddy SladePamela Colman-SmithParacelsus /  Patricia CrowtherPatricia Monaghan /  Patricia “Trish” TelescoPaul Foster Case and the “Builders of the Adytum” mystery school /  Peter Binsfeld /  Philip HeseltonRaven GrimassiRaymond Buckland /  Reginald Scot /  Richard BaxterRobert CochraneRobert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and the "The White Goddess" /  Rosaleen Norton - “The Witch of Kings Cross” /  Rossell Hope Robbins /   Ross Nichols and the " Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids" (OBOD) /  Rudolf SteinerSabrina Underwood - "The Ink Witch" /  Scott CunninghamSelena Fox - founder of "Circle Sanctuary" /  Silver RavenwolfSir Francis Dashwood /  Sir James George Frazer and the " The Golden Bough"S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” /  Starhawk /  Stewart Farrar /  Sybil LeekTed Andrews The Mather Family - (includes:  Richard Mather, Increase Mather and Cotton Mather ) /   Thomas AdyT. Thorn CoyleVera ChapmanVictor & Cora Anderson and the " Feri Tradition" /  Vivianne CrowleyWalter Brown GibsonWalter Ernest ButlerWilliam Butler YeatsZsuzsanna Budapest /  



Many of the above biographies are briefs and far from complete.  If you know about any of these individuals and can help with additional information, please contact me privately at my email address below.  Many thanks for reading  :-)



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