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The Magic of Rocks and Stones


Written and compiled by - Patricia Jean Martin

Citrine is any quartz crystal or cluster that is yellow or orange in color, and was named for the French word for lemon.."citron".  Found in its natural state it is often cut as a gemstone, but natural Citrine is actually rare.  Most of the Citrine found on the market today is simply Amethyst which has been heat treated. (Amethyst will turn yellow when heated at high temperatures between 878 and 1,040ºF, or 470 and 560ºC).  Citrines produced by artificial means (heat treated) tend to have more of an orange or reddish tint than those found in nature, which are usually a pale yellow.  One exception to this rule is the darker colored natural Citrine called Madeira Citrine, named for its color's resemblance to Madeira wines.  Madeira Citrine is generally more valuable than the lighter yellow Citrines.  Much of natural Citrine may also have started out as Amethyst but heat from nearby magmatic bodies in the Earth's crust caused the change to Citrine.  A popular gemstone on the market today is a mixture of half Amethyst and half Citrine, called Ametrine. 

Citrine is often confused with orange or yellow Topaz, but Topaz is a totally different mineral of Aluminum silicate fluoride hydroxide (Al2 SiO2 (F,OH)3).  Citrine, though one of the most valuable forms of Quartz, is only one of several Quartz varieties.  Other varieties that form macroscopic (large enough to see) crystals are: Amethyst, Rock Crystal (clear Quartz), Rose Quartz, and Smoky Quartz. 

Citrine is the secondary birthstone for November; Topaz being the primary. 

General Information:

*Chemistry:  SiO2, Silicon dioxide with colloidal iron hydrates. 

*Class:  Silicates. 

*Group:  Quartz. 

*Color:  Transparent to translucent light yellow to dark orange to golden brown. 

*Luster:  Glassy to vitreous. 

*Crystal System:  Trigonal.  

*Crystal Habit:  Prismatic, striated, or massive granular; twinning is common. 

*Cleavage:  Absent 

*Fracture:  Conchoidal, very brittle 


*Specific Gravity:  2.65 - 2.7 

*Streak:  White. 

*Other Characteristics:  Found many times among Amethyst deposits.   

*Notable Occurrences:  Brazil; Ural Mountains, Russia; Dauphine, France; Madagascar.     

*Best Field Indicators:  Color, crystal habit. 

*Uses:  Gemstone and ornamental stone. 

Myths and Lore:

Citrine was one of the stones used in the breastplate of the High Priest.  In ancient times, it was carried as a protection against the plague, skin problems, snake bites, and evil thoughts.   

Known as "The Merchant's Stone", Citrine is said to bring prosperity when placed in a cash register as if drawing the money there. 

Since Citrine is reported to hold no negativity, it never requires cleansing or clearing. 

Metaphysical Properties:

Astrological Sign's: Libra, Gemini, Aries, Leo 

Element: Air 

Solar Plexus Chakra. 



Energizing, recharging. 

Promotes creativity. 

Mental clarity. 

Problem solving. 

Abundance ("The Merchant's Stone). 


*Gives physical aid in treating: Heart, kidneys, liver, digestive tract and muscle problems.  Balances thyroid; stimulates thymus.  Helps in overcoming depression, fears and phobias. 

*NOTE: Stone therapy should NOT take the place of medical evaluation and procedures, and should be used merely to enhance one's health and well-being. 

My own thoughts and experiences:

Citrine does one of two things for me (and sometimes simultaneously).  As my Happy-Happy-Joy stone, Citrine's sunny qualities better my disposition and increase my optimism.  As my Wake-Up! and Cut-To-The-Chase stone, Citrine clears my mind and illuminates, while bringing energy to a situation.  I've loved Citrine for a long time now, and, next to Peridot, it is one of my favorite gemstones...and the lighter the yellow, the better. 

So how does Citrine work?  Well...  

Take a trip into the rainy forest of your mind, where dark and muddy waters have puddled and plagued your thoughts this past day (week, month, year).  Now think of a sudden drop of bright light yellow sunshine piercing that canopy of deep, dark forest shadow.  It falls on your face and you at once bask in its warmth.  ~This is the optimism of Citrine. 

Next, imagine calmly sitting down in a mossy glen of your now somehow not-so-chaotic forest, where you kick a pebble into a nearby puddle.  You watch the reflected light of the sunbeam ripple outward from that one central point of entry.  ~This is the mental clarity and mandala-like focus of Citrine. 

Then think of yourself leaning up against an old, fallen, worn out log, which is vaguely reminiscent of how you felt only hours ago.  Suddenly a bee or two goes buzzing by your head (sorry, and you realize that there is a hive hidden in the depths of the old log.  Have you been an old log about something?  And what is hidden in the depths of you?  Mused and amused, you contemplate the bees' and out of the hive their furry little airborne yellow bodies quickly go, not randomly, but in a determined and organized dance.  ~This is the energizing and recharging of Citrine. 

Now imagine the sunlight shifting a little as the Earth beneath you moves, and the sunbeam now rests directly on the hive. You shift your ody too and move closer, unafraid because you are now excited to be privy to such a splendid display of purpose.  Before your eyes, a beautiful golden drop of honey begins to flow out of one of the hexagonal honeycomb cells and the sunlight catches it just right, flashing a sparkle into your eye.  The honey flows, and now your sense of purpose flows too.  You take your hand and bravely put your finger on what you couldn't seem to put your finger on before...that golden drop of inspiration.  Tasting it, you find it is sweet.  And the whole process has suddenly given you a solution to your own dilemma.  ~This is Citrine's problem-solving capability. 

Feeling energized and perky, you give a hearty thank-you wave to the bees and now happily skip through the woods, determined to put your new thoughts into practice.  As you near the edge of the forest though, you stop for another quick look at what lies ahead.  There, in the near distance lies a large lake whose also rippling waters are catching the last sunrays of the day.  You gasp and your heart swells, taking in the sheer magnitude and beauty of the sparkling and reflective golden water.  ~This is Citrine's abundance. 

So may your forests be deep and beautiful, but never too dark, as you carry your Citrine that lends you its spark.


"Love Is In the Earth" ~ Melody 

"The Crystal Bible" ~ Judy Hall

© Patricia J. Martin

Best wishes and Blessed Be


Site Contents - Links to all Pages


Home Page


A Universal Message:


Let there be peace in the world  -   Where have all the flowers gone?


About me:

My Personal PageMy Place in England / My Family Tree (Ancestry)


Wicca & Witchcraft


Wicca/Witchcraft /  What is Wicca What is Magick


Traditional Writings:


The Wiccan Rede Charge of the Goddess Charge of the God  /  The Three-Fold Law (includes The Law of Power and The Four Powers of the Magus) /  The Witches Chant The Witches Creed Descent of the Goddess Drawing Down the Moon The Great Rite Invocation Invocation of the Horned GodThe 13 Principles of Wiccan Belief /  The Witches Rede of Chivalry A Pledge to Pagan Spirituality


Correspondence Tables:


IncenseCandlesColours Magickal Days Stones and Gems Elements and Elementals




Traditions Part 1  -  Alexandrian Wicca /  Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) /  Ár Ndraíocht Féin (ADF) /  Blue Star Wicca /  British Traditional (Druidic Witchcraft) /  Celtic Wicca /  Ceremonial Magic /  Chaos Magic /  Church and School of Wicca /  Circle Sanctuary /  Covenant of the Goddess (COG) /  Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS) /  Cyber Wicca /  Dianic Wicca /  Eclectic Wicca /  Feri Wicca /


Traditions Part 2 Gardnerian Wicca /  Georgian Tradition /  Henge of Keltria /  Hereditary Witchcraft /  Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) /  Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch) /  Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition /  Nordic Paganism /  Pagan Federation /  Pectic-Wita /  Seax-Wica /  Shamanism /  Solitary /  Strega /  Sylvan Tradition /  Vodoun or Voodoo /  Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA) /


Other things of interest:


Gods and Goddesses (Greek Mythology) /  Esbats & Full Moons Links to Personal Friends & Resources Wicca/Witchcraft Resources What's a spell? Circle Casting and Sacred Space  Pentagram - Pentacle Marks of a Witch The Witches Power The Witches Hat An esoteric guide to visiting London SatanismPow-wowThe Unitarian Universalist Association /  Numerology:  Part 1  Part 2  /  Part 3A history of the Malleus Maleficarum:  includes:  Pope Innocent VIII  /  The papal Bull  /   The Malleus Maleficarum  /  An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum  /  The letter of approbation  /  Johann Nider’s Formicarius  /  Jacob Sprenger  /  Heinrich Kramer  /  Stefano Infessura  /  Montague Summers  /  The Waldenses  /  The Albigenses  /  The Hussites /  The Native American Sun DanceShielding (Occult and Psychic Protection)  The History of ThanksgivingAuras  - Part 1 and Part 2 Doreen Valiente Witch” (A Book Review) /   


Sabbats and Festivals:


The Sabbats in History and Mythology /  Samhain (October 31st)  /  Yule (December 21st)  /  Imbolc (February 2nd)  /  Ostara (March 21st)  /  Beltane (April 30th)  /  Litha (June 21st)  /  Lammas/Lughnasadh (August 1st)  /  Mabon (September 21st)


Rituals contributed by Crone:


Samhain / Yule Imbolc Ostara /  Beltane Litha Lammas Mabon




Tools of a Witch  /  The Besom (Broom) /  Poppets and DollsPendulums / Cauldron Magick Mirror Gazing




Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar and Totem Animals) /  AntelopeBatsCrow Fox Frog and Toads Goat / HoneybeeKangarooLion OwlPhoenix Rabbits and HaresRaven Robin RedbreastSheep Spider SquirrelSwansUnicornWild Boar Wolf /  Serpent /  Pig /  Stag /  Horse /  Mouse /  Cat /  Rats /  Unicorn




In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar.  For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following:  Birch /  Rowan / Ash /  Alder /  Willow Hawthorn /  Oak /  Holly /  Hazel /  Vine /  Ivy /  Reed /  Elder


Sacred Sites:


Mystical Sacred Sites  -  Stonehenge /  Glastonbury Tor /  Malta - The Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni /  Avebury /  Cerne Abbas - The Chalk Giant /  Ireland - Newgrange /


Rocks and Stones:


Stones - History, Myths and Lore


Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin:


Apophyllite  / Amber Amethyst Aquamarine Aragonite Aventurine Black Tourmaline Bloodstone Calcite Carnelian Celestite Citrine Chrysanthemum StoneDiamond  /  Emerald / Fluorite Garnet /  Hematite Herkimer Diamond Labradorite Lapis Lazuli Malachite Moonstone Obsidian Opal Pyrite Quartz (Rock Crystal) Rose Quartz Ruby Selenite Seraphinite  /  Silver and GoldSmoky QuartzSodalite Sunstone ThundereggTree AgateZebra Marble


Wisdom and Inspiration:


Knowledge vs Wisdom by Ardriana Cahill I Talk to the TreesAwakening The Witch in YouA Tale of the Woods I have a Dream by Martin Luther King /


Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:


Murdered by Witchcraft The Fairy Witch of Clonmel A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) /  Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife /  The Story of Jack-O-Lantern The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) /  The Two Brothers - Light and Dark


Old Masters of Academia:


Pliny the ElderHesiodPythagoras





A "Who's Who" of Witches, Pagans and other associated People

(Ancient, Past and Present)


Remembered at Samhain

(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)


Pagan Pioneers:  Founders, Elders, Leaders and Others


Abramelin the Mage /  Agrippa Aidan A KellyAlbertus Magnus - “Albert the Great” Aleister Crowley - “The Great Beast” /  Alex Sanders - “King of the Witches” /  Alison Harlow /   Allan Bennett - the Ven. Ananda MetteyyaAllan Kardec (Spiritism) /  Alphonsus de SpinaAmber KAnn Moura /  Anna FranklinAnodea JudithAnton Szandor LaVey /  Arnold CrowtherArthur Edward Waite /  Austin Osman SpareBalthasar Bekker /  Biddy EarlyBarbara Vickers /  Bridget Cleary - The Fairy Witch of Clonmel /  Carl " Llewellyn" Weschcke Cecil Hugh WilliamsonCharles Godfrey Leland /   Charles WaltonChristopher PenczakChristina Oakley Harrington Cornelius Loos /  Damh the Bard - "Dave Smith" /  Dion Fortune /  Dolores Aschroft-NowickiDonald Michael Kraig Doreen ValienteDorothy MorrisonDr. John Dee & Edward Kelly /  Dr. Leo Louis Martello /  Edain McCoy /  Edward FitchEleanor Ray Bone - “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” Eliphas Levi /  Ernest Thompson Seton /  Ernest Westlake /  Fiona Horne /   Frederick McLaren Adams - Feraferia Friedrich von Spee /  Francis Barrett /  Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca /  Gerald B. Gardner - The father of contemporary Witchcraft /  Gwydion Pendderwen Hans HolzerHelen Duncan /   Herman Slater - Horrible Herman /  Heinrich KramerIsaac Bonewits Israel RegardieIvo Domínguez Jr. /  Jack Whiteside Parsons - Rocket Science and Magick /  James "Cunning" Murrell - The Master of Witches /  Janet Farrar and Gavin BoneJean Bodin Jessie Wicker Bell - “Lady Sheba” / Johann Weyer  / Johannes Junius - "The Burgomaster of Bamberg" /   Johann Georg Fuchs von Dornheim  -  the “Hexenbrenner” (witch burner) /  John Belham-Payne John George Hohman - "Pow-wow" /  John Gerard /  John Gordon Hargrave and the Kibbo Kith Kindred /  John Michael Greer /  John Score /  Joseph “Bearwalker” Wilson /  Joseph John Campbell /  Karl von Eckartshausen Lady Gwen Thompson - and "The Rede of the Wiccae" /   Laurie Cabot  - "the Official Witch of Salem" /  Lewis SpenceLodovico Maria Sinistrari Ludwig LavaterMadeline Montalban and the Order of the Morning Star /  Margaret Alice MurrayMargot AdlerMichael Howard and the UK "Cauldron Magazine" /  Margaret St. Clair - the “Sign of the Labrys” /  Marie Laveau - " the Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" /  Marion WeinsteinMartin Antoine Del Rio Matthew Hopkins - “The Witch-Finder General” /   Max Ehrmann and the "Desiderata" /  Michael A. Aquino - and The Temple of Set /  Monique WilsonMontague Summers /  Nicholas CulpeperNicholas RemyM. R. SellarsMrs. Maud Grieve - "A Modern Herbal" /  Oberon Zell-Ravenheart and Morning GloryOld Dorothy Clutterbuck /  Old George PickingillOlivia Durdin-Robertson - co-founder of the Fellowship of Isis /  Paddy SladePamela Colman-SmithParacelsus /  Patricia CrowtherPatricia Monaghan /  Patricia “Trish” TelescoPaul Foster Case and the “Builders of the Adytum” mystery school /  Peter Binsfeld /  Philip HeseltonRaven GrimassiRaymond Buckland /  Reginald Scot /  Richard BaxterRobert CochraneRobert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and the "The White Goddess" /  Rosaleen Norton - “The Witch of Kings Cross” /  Rossell Hope Robbins /   Ross Nichols and the " Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids" (OBOD) /  Rudolf SteinerSabrina Underwood - "The Ink Witch" /  Scott CunninghamSelena Fox - founder of "Circle Sanctuary" /  Silver RavenwolfSir Francis Dashwood /  Sir James George Frazer and the " The Golden Bough"S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” /  Starhawk /  Stewart Farrar /  Sybil LeekTed Andrews The Mather Family - (includes:  Richard Mather, Increase Mather and Cotton Mather ) /   Thomas AdyT. Thorn CoyleVera ChapmanVictor & Cora Anderson and the " Feri Tradition" /  Vivianne CrowleyWalter Brown GibsonWalter Ernest ButlerWilliam Butler YeatsZsuzsanna Budapest /  



Many of the above biographies are briefs and far from complete.  If you know about any of these individuals and can help with additional information, please contact me privately at my email address below.  Many thanks for reading  :-)



While I have taken due care and diligence to credit all sources where possible, this website may contain copyrighted material which has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner.  My use of making such material available here is done so in my efforts to advance our understanding of religious discrimination, the environmental and social justice issues etc.   If you wish to use copyrighted material from this website for purposes of your own then you must obtain permission from the relevant copyright owner yourself.

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