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The Magic of Rocks and Stones


Written and compiled by - Patricia Jean Martin

Labradorite is a Plagioclase Feldspar found in magmatic igneous and metamorphic rock.  Feldspars are extremely abundant in the Earth's crust, the most common varieties falling into two groups - the Alkali Feldspars and the Plagioclase Feldspars. 

Plagioclase Feldspars (also called Soda-Lime Feldspars) form in a series from "pure sodium to pure calcium end members as follows: Albite - Oligoclase - Andesine - Labradorite - Bytownite - Anorthite."  The first to crystalize from high temperature molten rock are the calcium rich Plagioclase Feldspars.  As a molten mass cools, the sodium becomes concentrated, and the final Plagioclase Feldspar (Albite) then forms.  Labradorite lies somewhat in the middle of this series. 

Discovered in 1770 on St. Paul Island, Labrador, Canada, Labradorite was named for this site - a locale famous for producing the variety of stone containing the iridescent schiller effect - in this instance called "labradorescence". 

Typically gray to black in color, Labradorite often reveals its iridescent display in either violet, blue, green, gold, orange, yellow or red color, or a combination of these.  Like its sister the Moonstone, the iridescence, or labradoresence, of Labradorite is caused by thin parallel layers (called lamellae) within the stone.  These lamellae result from the separation and layering that takes place when chemistries change as high temperatures cool.  The layers formed then reflect the light that enters the stone but before doing so will refract it back and forth through the various layers, scattering it, until it emerges from the stone at a different wavelength than what it originally entered at; this is called diffraction.  The new wavelength will be the wavelength of a different color.  If layers are too thick or too thin, or if not viewed from the precise angle that will diffract the light, then no labradorescence will be visible. 

High-grade specimens of Labradorite containing various colors of the spectrum, originally discovered in Finland in the 1940s, share the name Spectrolite. 

General Information:

Chemistry:  (Ca,Na)(Si,Al)4 O8 - Calcium Sodium Aluminum Silicate.     

Class:  Silicates. 

Subclass:  Tectosilicates. 

Group:  Feldspars - Plagioclase series. 

Color:  Usually gray to gray-black, but also gray-white, white, colorless, light green or yellow, and all often exhibiting a labradorescence (schiller) in shades of blue, violet, green, yellow, orange to gold, or brown, singly or in a combination of colors.  Opaque to translucent; in rare cases transparent.  

Luster:   Dull to Vitreous (glassy). 

Crystal System:  Triclinic. 

Crystal Habit:  Cleavable masses.  Rarer crystals occur as rough, well-formed, blocky crystals, often found embedded in igneous rocks with low silica content. Granular, typically occurring as irregular to euhedral crystals in matrix. Often striated on cleavage or crystal face. Twinning is common, anywhere from fractions of millimeters to several millimeters thick. 

Cleavage:  Perfect in one direction and good in another direction, forming near right angled prisms.  Poor in a third direction. 

Fracture:  Conchoidal to uneven. 

Hardness:  6.0 - 6.5 

Specific Gravity:  2.5 - 2.9   

Streak:  White. 

Other Characteristics:  Labradorescence common in flashes of blue, violet, green, orange, gold or yellow.  Index of refraction is 1.55 - 1.75.  

Notable Occurrences:  Labrador, Canada; Scandinavian Peninsula; Russia; Greenland; New South Wales, Australia; United States; Madagascar. 

Best Field Indicators:  Specific gravity, color and labradorescence, hardness, fracture.    

Uses:  Mineral specimens, ornamental stone, jewelry.  

Myth & Lore:

In the myths of the northern people, Labradorite is thought to have fallen from the Aurora Borealis (the Northern Lights) and has been connected to ancient magickal practices by many from that region.  Eskimos believed that the Northern Lights were once trapped in the rocks off the coast of Labrador, but were set free into the air by one of their ancestors who broke one of the rocks with his spear - some of the lights, however, remained trapped in the stone which we now call Labradorite.  The Finnish often buried pieces of Labradorite in their fields as an offering to the spirits of the land.  Artifacts found in Maine, and dating to around the year 1000, show the use of Labradorite by the Algonquin tribe of that time.  One black iridescent variety of the stone, called Spectrolite and which hails from Finland, has been nicknamed "The Shaman's Stone".  Labradorite has also been called "Black Moonstone". 

Another common myth surrounding Labradorite says that those who are attracted to this stone have ancestral roots in Atlantis, whereas those who are attracted to the stone Angelite have ancestral roots in Lemuria. 

It is said that to help one "hear the message of spirit guides," one should wear earrings made of Labradorite.  To bring clearer and greater visions, the stone should be placed on one's Third Eye during meditation.  Worn as a ring, it is said to better facilitate the "sending and receiving of magick".  This stone is also said to assist in invoking the elementals.  Perhaps its most important aid is that it is said to help one realize and achieve one's destiny. 

Metaphysical Properties:

Astrological Sign's:  Scorpio, Sagittarius, Leo 

Element's:  Water   

Chakras:  Brow (Third Eye) 







Clarity of perception. 

Ancient wisdom. 


Shape shifting. 







*Gives physical aid in treating: Immune deficiencies; metabolism; disorders of the brain; gout and rheumatism; improves night vision; relinquishes psychological co-dependency; stress. 

*NOTE:  Stone therapy should NOT take the place of medical evaluation and procedures, and should be used merely as an aid to enhance one's health and well-being. 

My own thoughts and experiences:

Where airy Seraphinite is a new love of mine, Labradorite is an old watery love and has remained one of my very favorite stones.  The beauty of its labradorescence is captivating, and, like a siren, will tantalize and call to you to come delve into its watery depths.  Its true beauty lies within, just as it does in all of us.  And just as one cannot (and should not) judge a book by its cover, so it is with this fantastic stone, where one moment you may be looking at a fairly nondescript blackish-gray rock, but in another a dazzling display of color and inner light.   

This unique visual quality of the stone can be related to how we may at times view a problem or cope with boredom.  At times things may look dark and dreary.  But if we just step aside for a moment, shift our perspective and look deeply into the inner realm, there beneath the surface glows the true colors - the inner light.  From here, we will invariably begin to see things in a new and exciting way as we awaken to the possibilities.  And this is exactly what Labradorite does.  It awakens you to all the possibilities, along with awakening you and coaxing you toward your fullest potential. 

Said to bring both good luck and courage to the bearer, Labradorite enhances a person's insight, perception and ability to capture psychic wisdom, and then has the uncanny ability to help connect all that to the intellect.  This can bring about the courage, as the wisdom is bolstered by the knowledge of what to do with it.  The good luck comes as a result of being more aware, and thus making better decisions and having a finer focus on things.  Labradorite can, and does, give you a clearer vision on which paths to take in order to blossom into the fullness you were meant to blossom into. 

I can also see why this stone has been labeled "The Shaman's Stone".  Trance work is very easy with Labradorite and it tends to take you on a journey.  Peering into this stone is like diving deep into the ocean, where underwater you find a new world rich with form and color, alive with vivid corals and labyrinth kelp — a place teeming with odd and unfamiliar creatures, weirdly shimmering landscapes and shifting sands.  It is a most enchanting place, although it can be both exciting and frightening at times, as now you realize it's become a journey of discovering the magick in you.  But like the stingray lying in wait, hidden and camouflaged beneath a layer of sand that reflects the illusion of the water's wavering surface, the sudden and radiant gift of awakening prods the resting creature to swiftly uncover itself and swim into the light. 

This is the gift of Labradorite.  A beautiful stone, and one well worth looking into.


“Love Is In the Earth” ~ Melody 

“The Illustrated Directory of Healing Crystals” ~ Cassandra Eason 

“The Book of Stones” ~ Robert Simmons & Naisha Ahsian 

Photos by: Patricia J. Martin  


© 2006 Patricia J. Martin


Best wishes and Blessed Be


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Correspondence Tables:


IncenseCandlesColours Magickal Days Stones and Gems Elements and Elementals




Traditions Part 1  -  Alexandrian Wicca /  Aquarian Tabernacle Church (ATC) /  Ár Ndraíocht Féin (ADF) /  Blue Star Wicca /  British Traditional (Druidic Witchcraft) /  Celtic Wicca /  Ceremonial Magic /  Chaos Magic /  Church and School of Wicca /  Circle Sanctuary /  Covenant of the Goddess (COG) /  Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans (CUUPS) /  Cyber Wicca /  Dianic Wicca /  Eclectic Wicca /  Feri Wicca /


Traditions Part 2 Gardnerian Wicca /  Georgian Tradition /  Henge of Keltria /  Hereditary Witchcraft /  Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn (H.O.G.D.) /  Kitchen Witch (Hedge Witch) /  Minoan Brotherhood and Minoan Sisterhood Tradition /  Nordic Paganism /  Pagan Federation /  Pectic-Wita /  Seax-Wica /  Shamanism /  Solitary /  Strega /  Sylvan Tradition /  Vodoun or Voodoo /  Witches League of Public Awareness (WLPA) /


Other things of interest:


Gods and Goddesses (Greek Mythology) /  Esbats & Full Moons Links to Personal Friends & Resources Wicca/Witchcraft Resources What's a spell? Circle Casting and Sacred Space  Pentagram - Pentacle Marks of a Witch The Witches Power The Witches Hat An esoteric guide to visiting London SatanismPow-wowThe Unitarian Universalist Association /  Numerology:  Part 1  Part 2  /  Part 3A history of the Malleus Maleficarum:  includes:  Pope Innocent VIII  /  The papal Bull  /   The Malleus Maleficarum  /  An extract from the Malleus Maleficarum  /  The letter of approbation  /  Johann Nider’s Formicarius  /  Jacob Sprenger  /  Heinrich Kramer  /  Stefano Infessura  /  Montague Summers  /  The Waldenses  /  The Albigenses  /  The Hussites /  The Native American Sun DanceShielding (Occult and Psychic Protection)  The History of ThanksgivingAuras  - Part 1 and Part 2 Doreen Valiente Witch” (A Book Review) /   


Sabbats and Festivals:


The Sabbats in History and Mythology /  Samhain (October 31st)  /  Yule (December 21st)  /  Imbolc (February 2nd)  /  Ostara (March 21st)  /  Beltane (April 30th)  /  Litha (June 21st)  /  Lammas/Lughnasadh (August 1st)  /  Mabon (September 21st)


Rituals contributed by Crone:


Samhain / Yule Imbolc Ostara /  Beltane Litha Lammas Mabon




Tools of a Witch  /  The Besom (Broom) /  Poppets and DollsPendulums / Cauldron Magick Mirror Gazing




Animals in Witchcraft (The Witches Familiar and Totem Animals) /  AntelopeBatsCrow Fox Frog and Toads Goat / HoneybeeKangarooLion OwlPhoenix Rabbits and HaresRaven Robin RedbreastSheep Spider SquirrelSwansUnicornWild Boar Wolf /  Serpent /  Pig /  Stag /  Horse /  Mouse /  Cat /  Rats /  Unicorn




In Worship of Trees - Myths, Lore and the Celtic Tree Calendar.  For descriptions and correspondences of the thirteen sacred trees of Wicca/Witchcraft see the following:  Birch /  Rowan / Ash /  Alder /  Willow Hawthorn /  Oak /  Holly /  Hazel /  Vine /  Ivy /  Reed /  Elder


Sacred Sites:


Mystical Sacred Sites  -  Stonehenge /  Glastonbury Tor /  Malta - The Hypogeum of Hal Saflieni /  Avebury /  Cerne Abbas - The Chalk Giant /  Ireland - Newgrange /


Rocks and Stones:


Stones - History, Myths and Lore


Articles contributed by Patricia Jean Martin:


Apophyllite  / Amber Amethyst Aquamarine Aragonite Aventurine Black Tourmaline Bloodstone Calcite Carnelian Celestite Citrine Chrysanthemum StoneDiamond  /  Emerald / Fluorite Garnet /  Hematite Herkimer Diamond Labradorite Lapis Lazuli Malachite Moonstone Obsidian Opal Pyrite Quartz (Rock Crystal) Rose Quartz Ruby Selenite Seraphinite  /  Silver and GoldSmoky QuartzSodalite Sunstone ThundereggTree AgateZebra Marble


Wisdom and Inspiration:


Knowledge vs Wisdom by Ardriana Cahill I Talk to the TreesAwakening The Witch in YouA Tale of the Woods I have a Dream by Martin Luther King /


Articles and Stories about Witchcraft:


Murdered by Witchcraft The Fairy Witch of Clonmel A Battleship, U-boat, and a Witch The Troll-Tear (A story for Children) /  Goody Hawkins - The Wise Goodwife /  The Story of Jack-O-Lantern The Murder of the Hammersmith Ghost Josephine Gray (The Infamous Black Widow) /  The Two Brothers - Light and Dark


Old Masters of Academia:


Pliny the ElderHesiodPythagoras





A "Who's Who" of Witches, Pagans and other associated People

(Ancient, Past and Present)


Remembered at Samhain

(Departed Pagan Pioneers, Founders, Elders and Others)


Pagan Pioneers:  Founders, Elders, Leaders and Others


Abramelin the Mage /  Agrippa Aidan A KellyAlbertus Magnus - “Albert the Great” Aleister Crowley - “The Great Beast” /  Alex Sanders - “King of the Witches” /  Alison Harlow /   Allan Bennett - the Ven. Ananda MetteyyaAllan Kardec (Spiritism) /  Alphonsus de SpinaAmber KAnn Moura /  Anna FranklinAnodea JudithAnton Szandor LaVey /  Arnold CrowtherArthur Edward Waite /  Austin Osman SpareBalthasar Bekker /  Biddy EarlyBarbara Vickers /  Bridget Cleary - The Fairy Witch of Clonmel /  Carl " Llewellyn" Weschcke Cecil Hugh WilliamsonCharles Godfrey Leland /   Charles WaltonChristopher PenczakChristina Oakley Harrington Cornelius Loos /  Damh the Bard - "Dave Smith" /  Dion Fortune /  Dolores Aschroft-NowickiDonald Michael Kraig Doreen ValienteDorothy MorrisonDr. John Dee & Edward Kelly /  Dr. Leo Louis Martello /  Edain McCoy /  Edward FitchEleanor Ray Bone - “Matriarch of British Witchcraft” Eliphas Levi /  Ernest Thompson Seton /  Ernest Westlake /  Fiona Horne /   Frederick McLaren Adams - Feraferia Friedrich von Spee /  Francis Barrett /  Gavin and Yvonne Frost and the School and Church of Wicca /  Gerald B. Gardner - The father of contemporary Witchcraft /  Gwydion Pendderwen Hans HolzerHelen Duncan /   Herman Slater - Horrible Herman /  Heinrich KramerIsaac Bonewits Israel RegardieIvo Domínguez Jr. /  Jack Whiteside Parsons - Rocket Science and Magick /  James "Cunning" Murrell - The Master of Witches /  Janet Farrar and Gavin BoneJean Bodin Jessie Wicker Bell - “Lady Sheba” / Johann Weyer  / Johannes Junius - "The Burgomaster of Bamberg" /   Johann Georg Fuchs von Dornheim  -  the “Hexenbrenner” (witch burner) /  John Belham-Payne John George Hohman - "Pow-wow" /  John Gerard /  John Gordon Hargrave and the Kibbo Kith Kindred /  John Michael Greer /  John Score /  Joseph “Bearwalker” Wilson /  Joseph John Campbell /  Karl von Eckartshausen Lady Gwen Thompson - and "The Rede of the Wiccae" /   Laurie Cabot  - "the Official Witch of Salem" /  Lewis SpenceLodovico Maria Sinistrari Ludwig LavaterMadeline Montalban and the Order of the Morning Star /  Margaret Alice MurrayMargot AdlerMichael Howard and the UK "Cauldron Magazine" /  Margaret St. Clair - the “Sign of the Labrys” /  Marie Laveau - " the Voodoo Queen of New Orleans" /  Marion WeinsteinMartin Antoine Del Rio Matthew Hopkins - “The Witch-Finder General” /   Max Ehrmann and the "Desiderata" /  Michael A. Aquino - and The Temple of Set /  Monique WilsonMontague Summers /  Nicholas CulpeperNicholas RemyM. R. SellarsMrs. Maud Grieve - "A Modern Herbal" /  Oberon Zell-Ravenheart and Morning GloryOld Dorothy Clutterbuck /  Old George PickingillOlivia Durdin-Robertson - co-founder of the Fellowship of Isis /  Paddy SladePamela Colman-SmithParacelsus /  Patricia CrowtherPatricia Monaghan /  Patricia “Trish” TelescoPaul Foster Case and the “Builders of the Adytum” mystery school /  Peter Binsfeld /  Philip HeseltonRaven GrimassiRaymond Buckland /  Reginald Scot /  Richard BaxterRobert CochraneRobert ‘von Ranke’ Graves and the "The White Goddess" /  Rosaleen Norton - “The Witch of Kings Cross” /  Rossell Hope Robbins /   Ross Nichols and the " Order of Bards, Ovates & Druids" (OBOD) /  Rudolf SteinerSabrina Underwood - "The Ink Witch" /  Scott CunninghamSelena Fox - founder of "Circle Sanctuary" /  Silver RavenwolfSir Francis Dashwood /  Sir James George Frazer and the " The Golden Bough"S.L. MacGregor Mathers and the “Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn” /  Starhawk /  Stewart Farrar /  Sybil LeekTed Andrews The Mather Family - (includes:  Richard Mather, Increase Mather and Cotton Mather ) /   Thomas AdyT. Thorn CoyleVera ChapmanVictor & Cora Anderson and the " Feri Tradition" /  Vivianne CrowleyWalter Brown GibsonWalter Ernest ButlerWilliam Butler YeatsZsuzsanna Budapest /  



Many of the above biographies are briefs and far from complete.  If you know about any of these individuals and can help with additional information, please contact me privately at my email address below.  Many thanks for reading  :-)



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